Vandegrift, Lieutenant General Alexander


Vandegrift, Lieutenant General Alexander
1887–1972
   Vandegrift led the 1st Marine Division in the first months of the campaign to take Guadalcanal. He was chosen to lead this campaign at very short notice and given a few months to prepare it. He had little time to collect intelligence and in his own words ‘there was no time for a deliberate planning phase.’ On 7 August 1942 Vandegrift and his men landed unopposed on the island and immediately began building an airstrip, which was later called Henderson Field. His men stayed there for four months facing continued attempts by the Japanese Navy, Army and Air Force to recapture the island. On 21 August 700 Japanese died in the Battle of Tenaru for the loss of 35 Marines. Vandegrift’s men fought for the next month to hold their lines and succeeded in defeating a frontal attack by 3500 Japanese in the Battle of Bloody Ridge (12/13 September 1942). General HYAKUTAKE of the Seventeenth Army led the Japanese troops himself but did not succeed in taking Henderson Field in the last major offensive on 24/25 October. The Japanese morale took a further plunge after the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal on 12/13 November and Vandegrift made further inroads into Japannese positions on the island. On 9 December Vandegrift and the 1st Marine Division were withdrawn for a wellearned rest and left with more than a third of the men unfit for combat duty. Vandegrift returned to the USA and was made Commander of the I Marine Amphibious Corps and took part in the landings on Bougainville in November 1943. He was posted back to Washington in 1944 and made Commandant of the Marine Corps and built it up by another 25,000 men. He supervised the demobilization after the war.

Who’s Who in World War Two . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexander Vandegrift — General Alexander A. Vandegrift Alexander Archer Vandegrift (* 13. März 1887 in Charlottesville, Virginia; † 8. Mai 1973 in Bethesda, Maryland) war ein General des United States Marine Corps. Während des P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vandegrift — General Alexander A. Vandegrift Alexander Archer Vandegrift (* 13. März 1887 in Charlottesville, Virginia; † 8. Mai 1973 in Bethesda, Maryland) war ein General des United States Marine Corps. Während des P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander A. Vandegrift — General Alexander A. Vandegrift Alexander Archer Vandegrift (* 13. März 1887 in Charlottesville, Virginia; † 8. Mai 1973 in Bethesda, Maryland) war ein General des United States Marine Corps. Während des Pazifikkrieges kommand …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Vandegrift — Infobox Military Person name= Alexander Archer Vandegrift born= birth date|1887|03|13 died= death date and age|1973|05|08|1887|03|13 placeofbirth= Charlottesville, Virginia placeofdeath= Bethesda, Maryland placeofburial= Arlington National… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Vandegrift — Alexander Archer Vandegrift Surnom Archer Naissance 13 mars 1887 Charlottesville, Virginie Décès 8  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vandegrift, Alexander A. — ▪ United States officer in full  Alexander Archer Vandegrift   born March 13, 1887, Charlottesville, Va., U.S. died May 8, 1973, Bethesda, Md.  U.S. Marine Corps officer who led the first large scale U.S. offensive against the Japanese, on… …   Universalium

  • Van Vandegrift — Infobox Person name = Van Vandegrift image size = 300px caption = Hollywood producer Van Vandegrift and actor Brendan Fraser at the premiere of The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor, 2008 birth date = birth date and age|1969|2|14 birth place =… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle for Henderson Field — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle for Henderson Field partof=the Pacific Theater of World War II caption=Dead soldiers and destroyed tanks from the Japanese 17th Army lie at the mouth of the Matanikau River after a failed assault on U.S.… …   Wikipedia

  • Matanikau Offensive — Part of the Pacific Theater of World War II U.S. Marines cross the Matanikau River on a raft f …   Wikipedia

  • Koli Point action — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Koli Point action partof=the Pacific Theater of World War II caption=75 mm pack howitzers of the 11th US Marine Regiment fire in support of the operation against Japanese forces around Koli Point date=November 3 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.